What is Land 159?

LAND 159 is the ADF’s Small Arms and Direct Fire Support Weapons Modernisation Program. The Program is also referred to as Lethality Systems Project or the ‘Lethality Program’. Army is the Capability Manager for LAND 159, hence the program sits in the LAND domain.

What weapons will be purchased when?

The Lethality Systems Program seeks to acquire weapon systems in three tranches as outlined below:

I am not partnered with NIOA. Am I therefore excluded from the program?

No, NIOA as Prime Contractor is open to working with all members of industry that wish to provide relevant capabilities to Defence.

I am not in Australia, when and where can I meet with NIOA?

NIOA will be available for meetings at DSEI, AUSA and Parari. All requests for meetings and Capability discussions can be made to the Deputy Director Lethality Program at NIOA has the ability to meet in person within the Covid 19 restrictions on Fridays at NIOA’s Canberra offices from 8.30am-5.00pm, or virtually via MS Teams. Please contact us to arrange an in-person or virtual meeting.


TRL’s are Technology Readiness Levels (or Technical Risk Levels) that indicate the level of preferred system maturity. Within the scope of the Lethality Systems Program, TRLs of less than 6 are unlikely to be regarded as sufficiently mature to enable consideration for acquisition, depending on when the acquisition and certification of the system is planned for. TRLs are defined as follows:

TRL 6: Indicates the system /subsystem has been demonstrated in a relevant environment. This may include a representative model or prototype system which has been tested in a high fidelity laboratory environment or simulated operational environment. It may include prototypes of near production ready equipment in representative conditions.  

TRL 7: System prototype demonstrated in an operational environment. This would imply prototypes or preproduction items have been tested/demonstrated in an operational environment. The system might not yet be in production but might be in low scale use with an allied nation.  

TRL 8: Actual system is complete and qualified through test and demonstration. The system has undergone Acceptance Test and Evaluation with a user. The system has been proven to work in its final form, under expected conditions, and is in production. It may be in use with allied forces.

TRL 9: Actual system proven through successful mission operations. The system and technology in its final form has been used under mission conditions such as those encountered in Operational Test and Evaluation, or military operations. The system is in production/has been produced.

What does NIOA consider to be Objective Quality Evidence?

When reviewing capabilities, product providers may be approached for Objective Quality Evidence (OQE). OQE is defined to be:

  • Evidence that has been developed against formal testing, inspection, demonstration or analysis.
  • Evidence that is verifiable and repeatable against a known, accepted test standard.
  • Evidence that is transparent.
  • Evidence sourced from sources that are adduced to be independent. Preferentially this would be sourced from an independent, accredited test centre, a foreign military test centre or trial, or from the OEM.